tagging painted terrapin

Over 400 Painted Terrapin Eggs Secured in Nest Patrol

Totally, 407 eggs of 25 nests have been secured and currently incubated at in situ hatchery, located on nesting beach, in Aceh Tamiang, Aceh, Indonesia. Since December 2016, the team of Satucita Foundation and BKSDA (Agency of Natural Resources Conservation) Province Aceh have been patrolling on the beach to secure the eggs from harvesting by some villagers and wild boar.

Although some villagers are still trying to harvest the eggs in nesting season, the cases are declining. But, the threat from wild boar (Sus scrofa) is still same. As of today, eggs of 4 nests had been eaten by wild boar before found and secured by our team. When the nesting beach has about 3 km in distance, it seems impossible to fence along the beach to secure the eggs from wild boar disturbance. Therefore, the nest patrol must be conducted annually.

painted terrapin egg
Painted Terrapin eggs eaten by wild boar. (Photo: Joko Guntoro)

 

The eggs had been secured, currently are incubated at in situ hatchery that built on the nesting beach. The hatchery is fenced by barbed wire to prevent it from wild boar disturbance. On hatchery, the nest temperature, sand moisture, air and humidity temperature were recorded four times every day. We are estimating the eggs will be started to hatch in late of March.

hatchery for Painted Terrapin
Hatchery for incubating Painted Terrapin eggs on the nesting beach. (Photo: Joko Guntoro)

Our team were usually patrolling along the beach, about 6 km in distance, every night. In particular days, the patrol was conducted two times per night when the high tides occurred at about 4 to 5 am. During these days, the low tide was still occurred at 7 to 8 pm. In this time, the emerging of Painted Terrapin female for nesting on the beach was still possible. The movement of female for nesting is determined by tidal.

Painted terrapin nest
Measuring nest characterisctics. (Photo: Joko Guntoro)

Nest characteristics – depth, width, sand moisture and temperature, air temperature and humidity – are also measured. The female found was also injected with Pit Tags for future monitoring. Every nest found on the beach was moved and reburied on the hatchery that situated about 30 meter of our nest patrol camp. The new nest has a same depth and width with the original nest. It is to ensure that there is no temperature and moisture difference between original and new nest.

tagging painted terrapin
Tagging nesting female. (Photo: Tatang YK/YSLI)

Causes of Declining

The total number of eggs secured this year is decreased compared to last year. Total number secured last year was 910 eggs of 52 nests. The declining is about 55 percent compared to last year.
That declining is very affected by some factors. First is coastal erosion. It is estimated that about fifty percent of beach that usually become a nesting site for Painted Terrapin has lost due to erosion. This is the first time since the annual nest patrol has been conducted in 2010. This massive erosion is caused by southeaster that makes heavy waves to hit the beach, so the sandy beach was moving or lost.

coastal erosion
Nesting site erosion. (photo: Joko Guntoro)

Second is caused by shrimp trap. Reports from fishermen said that some adults of Painted Terrapin, male or female, found dead because trapped in shrimp trap that used by fishermen. Fishermen are using banana or coconut as bait to capture shrimp. These baits are feed for Painted Terrapin. The trap is installed on river floor and checked by fishermen after few hours. The trouble is occurred when Painted Terrapin eating that bait and trapped, so she/he is not able to swim to the surface to breathe. Therefore, it has made the number of adult female laying nest on the beach is declining.

Painted terrapin dead
Dead female. (Photo: Joko Guntoro)

The third is massive amount of trash on the beach. The trash is dominated by logs, twigs. These made the adult female facing hard obstacle and difficulties to find the suitable place for digging nest and laying eggs. Even, some females were sighted to return to the sea immediately, after she could not find the place for digging nest and laying eggs. If she could not find the suitable location for nesting, then the best possibility was she had to move to another beach for nesting. Some female’s footprint that had to return to the sea due to hampered by logs or twigs were found on the beach. Unfortunately, our team would not be able to reach that beach because we had to crossing the estuary by boat.

beach pollution
Trash on nesting beach. (Photo: Joko Guntoro)

We would like to thank for our partner Turtle Survival Alliance (TSA), Houston Zoo, Chester Zoo to support our current conservation activities on the field. (Joko Guntoro)

Advertisements

Three hatchlings of Painted terrapin Was Born

Three hatchlings of  Painted terrapin (Batagur borneoensis) was born on 15 March 2015. These babies were born from a nest that secured on 3 December 2014. More eggs are expected to hatch in few days forward. The eggs are incubated in styrefoam boxes filled by sand and placed in our headstarting facility.

Hatchling of Painted terrapin that hatched on 15 March.
Hatchling of Painted terrapin that hatched on 15 March.

More than of three hundreds eggs of twenty nest successfully secured bu our nesting patrol activities that conducted during December 2014 to January 2015. The eggs secured from two main nesting beaches in Seruway Subdistrict. We regularly carry out nesting patrol in these beaches every nesting season. (SF)

 

 

Secured More Painted Terrapin Eggs

Team of Satucita Foundation were successfully secured more eggs on 13 and 14 December. 18 eggs on 13 Dec and 20 eggs on 14 Dec. So, totally we have secured and incubated 90 eggs. About 6-8 nests had been harvested by fishermen on November. So, about 11-13 nests have been counted so far.

Compared with the same period in last year, the number of nesting in this year is lower.

Painted Terrapin Eggs Secured From Poaching

One nest with 20 eggs have been secured by our nesting patrol team from poaching on Wednesday night/Thursday morning (4/12). Another 32 eggs of two nests (18 and 14 in each nest) have been secured on Friday night/Saturday morning (6/12). Totally, the nesting patrol successfully secured 52 eggs of three nests so far.

Villagers always hunt or collect the Painted terrapin (Batagur borneoensis) eggs every nesting season. Therefore, nesting patrol to secure and hatch the eggs are conducted every nesting season. This is one of many efforts to increase the stock of wild population.

Achievements at Second Anniversary

Today we celebrate our second anniversary. The Satucita Foundation (Yayasan Satucita Lestari Indonesia) was found on 15 October 2012. Previously, the foundation is an organisation that registered as community group.  Then, the group transformed into a new form  – as a foundation – to accelerate our wildlife conservation efforts.

Painted terrapin (Batagur borneoensis), male (left), hatchlings, female (right)
Painted terrapin (Batagur borneoensis), male (left), hatchlings, female (right)

We have faced many challenges and achieved some results since founded. The results we have been achieved are:

  1. Totally 144 hatchlings of Painted terrapin have been released into wild to increase the wild population
  2. 2 paper of Painted terrapin published in international recognized scientific journal, 2 documentary broadcasted in national television, articles published in local newspaper and national magazine
  3. More than of 4,000 peoples have been trained and informed on Painted terrapin status and conservation, included how to identify another freshwater turtles found in Aceh Tamiang
  4. Established a simple and basic headstarting facility
  5. Launched a new tradition to release hatchlings of Painted terrapin annually.
  6. The habitat and range of Painted terrapin have been investigated
  7. We have 1,093 followers on social media (facebook, twitter, blog)
  8. We have supported by internation recognized organisation such asTurtle Survival Alliance, Turtle Conservation Fund, Chester Zoo, Mohammed bin Zayed Conservation Fund, Keidanren Nature Conservation Fund, PT Pertamina EP Field Rantau. We also have build good coordination with governement and  other local conservation organisation.
Team of Yayasan SatuCita Lestari Indonesia (Satucita Foundation)
Team of Yayasan SatuCita Lestari Indonesia (Satucita Foundation)

Nevertheless, we are realize that many things to do in the future to achieve our vision, a harmony between human and nature. We believe that vision is possible to achieved. Therefore, we would like to thanks to our funders, supporters, followers, partners. Without their support, it is impossible to achieve the results and to overcome the challenges in the future.

If you want to help us, please, do not hestitate to contact us at satucita.foundation (at) gmail.com.

Thank you!

Hundreds of Aceh Scout Learn Painted Terrapin Conservation

Hundreds of Participants of Aceh Scout Camping Week Learn Painted Terrapin (Batagur borneoensis) Conservation at our headstarting facility from 23 September to 28 September 2014.

Some Participants of Aceh Scout Camping Week Visited Headstarting Ponds
Some Participants of Aceh Scout Camping Week Visited Headstarting Ponds

At headstarting facility, students scout watching documentary movie about our nesting patrol, learning biology, ecology and conservation of Painted terrapin carried out by us, how to raise the hatchling at headstarting ponds, playing games and icebreaker facilitated by our staff.

students handling the turtles
students handling the turtles

About 1200 students scout that take become participant in Aceh Scout Camping Week are come from 23 districts of Province of Aceh.  From that total number, more than of 400 scout or one third of total participants visited our headstarting facility located in Village Sidodadi, Subdistrict Kejuruan Muda, District of Aceh Tamiang, Province of Aceh.

our facilitator explaining the hatchling of painted terrapin to students scout
our facilitator explaining the hatchling of painted terrapin to students scout

In this Aceh Scout Camping Week that was held on 23 to 28 September 2014, Painted terrapin (Batagur borneoensis) – a critically endangered freshwater turtle species – become an icon or mascot. Painted terrapin (Batagur borneoensis) was choosen to be a mascot by Aceh Tamiang to increase public awareness to save this species from extinction. According some surveys, included carried by Satucita Foundation, from researchers, this species has been extincted in some locations in east coast of Sumatera. Aceh Tamiang is believed to be the last stronghold for this species.

students watching the hatchlings in the ponds
students watching the hatchlings in the ponds

The Painted terrapin conservation carried out by Satucita Foundation has been obtained some support from many organizations since its preliminary study in 2010. That organizations are Turtle Survival Alliance, Mohammed bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund, Turtle Conservation Fund, small grant from Chester Zoo, PT Pertamina EP Field Rantau. This initiative are also supported by some individuals. (SF)

founder and researcher of Satucita Foundation explaing the activities carried out by foundation to save the species from extinction
founder and researcher of Satucita Foundation explaing the activities carried out by foundation to save the species from extinction
IMG_6876
student scout handling the hatchling in the pond
staff of Satucita Foundation and BKSDA Aceh
staff of Satucita Foundation and BKSDA Aceh

Freshwater turtle crosses the Geographical Barriers

Scientists at the Senckenberg Research Institute in Dresden, together with an international team of researchers, have studied the widely distributed freshwater turtle, Mauremys rivulata. In spite of geographical barriers, the turtles are genetically very similar throughout their vast distribution range. This would indicate that that animals cross hundreds of kilometres of sea. The study is published in the scientific journal Zoologica Scripta…

For full reading, please read at the link below:

Cited from:

Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum. “Freshwater turtle crosses the Aegean Sea.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 7 April 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/04/140407090611.htm>.

Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.

Journal Reference:

Melita Vamberger, Heiko Stuckas, Dinçer Ayaz, Petros Lymberakis, Pavel Široký, Uwe Fritz. Massive transoceanic gene flow in a freshwater turtle (Testudines: Geoemydidae:Mauremys rivulata). Zoologica Scripta, 2014; DOI: 10.1111/zsc.12055

The First Hatchling of Nesting Season Year 2013

The first hacthling of Painted terrapin from last nesting patrol was born on 17 March 2014. This is a result of our nesting patrol had been carried out during December 2013 to January 2014. You can read our last nesting patrol through this link. Totally, this hatchling need 94 days to hatch. This hatchling is hatch from the nest found on 12 December 2013.

first hatchling of nesting season year 2013
the first hatchling of nesting season year 2013

The hatchling is 5,1 cm in carapace length. The hatchlings that hatched will be raised about six months and then released into wild to achieve our minimum objective to release at least 500 hatchling into wild until 2017.

Happy World Wildlife Day!

On March 3, 2014 is the first World Wildlife Day declared by United Nation. To celebrate this spirit we would like to say Happy World Wildlife Day!

As you know that we are working on Painted terrapin (Batagur borneoensis) conservation, a wildlife species listed in Critically Endangered species by International Union on Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Here, we would like to share a short clip of nesting female Painted terrapin in their habitat. We hope through share this, we can appreciate our environment and all wildlife!

Please, enjoy it!

The last nesting patrol successfully secured 328 Painted terrapin eggs

The last nesting patrol to secure the survival of Painted terrapin successfully secured 328 eggs of 20 nests. The nesting patrol have been carried out from November 2013 to January 2014 at main nesting beaches in Seruway Mangrove Forest, Aceh Tamiang District, Indonesia.

The nests were found on two main nesting beaches, there are Pusong Cium and Pusong Putus. Pusong Putus has about 2,5 km in length to be patrolled, meanwhile Pusong Cium only about 1 km. The patrol were conducted three times every night, about 09.00 pm to 04.30 am. During patrol, some females were sighted and observed by our team. But, in some, our team only found the nests.

Recently, the eggs are incubated to hatch in our basic headstarting facility. Hopefully, the eggs will start to hatch on the end of February until April. Based on previous years, the eggs will hatch after 72 to 115 days. After hatched, the offspring will be raised about six months, then released into habitat to increase wild population of this critically endangered species.

The nesting patrol activity successfully carried out through support from Mohammed bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund.

(satucita foundation/all pictures are owned by and copyright of satucita foundation)

the camp
the camp
track of female painted terrapin
track of female painted terrapin
Female of Painted terrapin is laying eggs
Female of Painted terrapin is laying eggs
excavating the nest to secure the eggs from poaching and natural predation
excavating the nest to secure the eggs from poaching and natural predation
Painted terrapin eggs have secured and moved into incubation box
Painted terrapin eggs have secured and moved into incubation box
The eggs have been secured from nests then grouped in incubation boxes (1 nest 1 box)
The eggs have been secured from nests then grouped in incubation boxes (1 nest 1 box)