CSR Sebagai Community Development?

Oleh : Joko Guntoro*

Istilah CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) atau sering diterjemahkan menjadi Tanggung Jawab Sosial Perusahaan semakin ekstensif digunakan oleh berbagai kalangan : akademisi, aktivis sosial (LSM) dan terutama dari kalangan bisnis (sektor privat). Istilah ini bergerak menjadi trend bisnis terutama korporasi besar dan transnasional. Bahkan beberapa waktu lalu, CSR telah diregulasikan di Indonesia. Ini tentu terobosan yang berani sebab isu CSR di lingkup internasional masih dalam pertarungan antara mereka yang menghendaki voluntary yang lebih mengedepankan pendekatan moral dan mereka yang menghendaki agar CSR diwajibkan karena pendekatan moral dianggap tidak cukup mampu untuk mencegah perusahaan melakukan tindakan yang tidak etis.Selain itu, kajian CSR telah menjadi lahan industri baru yang diindikasikan oleh munculnya berbagai institusi yang menyediakan layanan yang berkaitan dengan isu-isu CSR. Di Indonesia misalnya CFCD (Corporate Forum for Community Development), IBL (Indonesian Bussiness Links). Sementara untuk skala global kita mengenal BSR, UN Global Compact, WBCSD, CSR Asian Forum dan institusi lainnya. Kebanyakan dari institusi-intitusi tersebut disponsori oleh perusahaan-perusahaan berkapital besar.

Sampai di sini menjadi kurang signifikan bagi kita untuk melacak motivasi perusahaan-perusahaan tersebut aktif dalam mengintrodusir dan melakukan CSR. Dilihat dari sisi makro-historis, sikap tersebut lebih merupakan tindakan reaktif terhadap gelombang demokratisasi dan meningkatnya tuntutan agar perusahaan menghargai dan menjunjung tinggi nilai-nilai HAM serta melestarikan lingkungan dalam melakukan aktivitasnya (Utting, 2005). Reputasi dan legitimasi/lisensi sosial adalah dua dari beberapa manfaat strategis yang diperoleh perusahaan (Moir, 2000). Setiap pihak selalu mencari insentif ;“there are no free lunch” ungkap Adam Smith. Dengan kata lain, entitas perusahaan melakukan CSR jelas didorong oleh rasionalitasnya : profit oriented.

Namun, kemudian profit tersebut tidak hanya hanya diukur dari sektor finansial semata, tetapi diterjemahkan ke triple bottom line : financial, environmental, social. Rentang CSR pun membentang yaitu kepada komunitas, pekerja dan keluarganya, konsumen, pemasok (Moir,2000 ; WBCSD) CSR kepada komunitas atau yang lebih disimplifikasikan oleh berbagai kalangan adalah CD (Community Development). Dalam melakukan CSR bidang sosial ke komunitas, perusahaan sering melakukannya dengan bentuk donasi sosial (charity) seperti sumbangan kepada korban bencana, bantuan beasiswa, bantuan pembangunan infrastruktur fisik yang dilakukan oleh perusahaan tambang, misalnya PT Chevron di Riau dan PT Newmont Nusa Tenggara di Sumbawa.

Tantangan CSR : Kemandirian dan Keberlanjutan Komunitas

Dengan komitmen perusahaan menyediakan dana dan terkadang membentuk departemen khusus yang menanganI community development, maka pertanyaan sekaligus tantangan terbesar selanjutnya adalah “bagaimana aktivitas CSR dapat mewujudkan community development?”. Hal ini didasarkan peertimbangan bahwa CD lebih merupakan pendekatan strategi dari pada sebuah program. Terlebih bila dilihat dari fakta sejarah bahwa CSR yang notabene lebih bermakna sebagai “the new strategy to do bussiness / the new way of marketing”, maka gagasan CSR akan serta merta merealisasikan community development masih menghadapi beberapa tantangan.

Pertama, aspek sustainable self-help (kemandirian yang berkelanjutan). Pembangunan adalah tujuan sekaligus proses menuju pribadi yang merdeka di saat bersamaan. Dalam pengertian Amartya Sen, pembangunan adalah sebagai proses yang merdeka menuju individu yang merdeka ; development as freedom. Kemerdekaan bukan hanya berfungsi sebagai tujuan, tetapi juga sarana. Tidak jauh berbeda adalah Todaro yang menyatakan bahwa di antara visi pembangunan adalah membebaskan diri dari sikap menghamba dan memperbanyak pilihan (2000). Pola CSR yang karitatif dan paternalistik tidak akan mampu mengakomodasi paradigma seperti ini karena pola karitatif tidak melibatkan proses yang partisipatif dan mencerahkan komunitas. Pola karitatif hanya melihat komunitas sebagai pihak yang membutuhkan bantuan (lemah). Oleh karena itu perlu dibantu. Permasalahannya adalah bantuan ini sering tidak melibatkan perubahan struktural yang mendasar yang dibutuhkan komunitas untuk memerdekakan diri dari ketertinggalan. Dengan mengabaikan proses yang partisipatif maka visi mulia CSR sebagai pembangunan sulit untuk direalisasikan.

Kedua, pola perusahaan dalam melaksanakan CSR kepada komunitas. Pola charity atau sekedar memberikan donasi sosial atau membentuk kegiatan ekonomi bagi lingkungan di sekitar perusahaan tidaklah cukup ; necessary but not sufficient. Sudah sewajarnya perusahaan meninggalkan program dan kebijakan CSR yang sekedar memberikan layanan sosial yang paternalistis. Layanan paternalistis, walaupun diakui terkadang berguna daalam jangka pendek, pada akhirnya cenderung menimbulkan sikap ketergantungan. Perlu dilakukan pembangunan kapasitas bagi komunitas sehingga diharapkan masyarakat dapat mencari, menciptakan dan memanfaatkan peluang yang ada saat ini dan masa depan.

Ketiga, aspek sustainable institutional. Institusi sosial memiliki dua arti. Pertama yaitu pengertiannya sebagai sebuah organisasi. Kedua, pengertiannya sebagai seperangkat aturan – formal maupun informal – yang mengarahkan perilaku seseorang. Keberadaan institusi akan sangat berpengaruh dalam menyediakan alternatif tindakan anggota komunitas. Institusi juga menyediakan sumberdaya (dana, keahlian, jaringan, komitmen) yang dibutuhkan untuk mencapai pembangunan komunitas. Dengan peranan yang sedemikian besar itu, keberlanjutan institusi yang menopang terciptanya pembangunan komunitas penting untuk diciptakan dan dipertahankan. Institusi inilah yang menjembatani perbedaan nilai, karakter, kepentingan antara perusahaan, komunitas dan pemerintah. Guncangnya institusi ini akan mengguncang pula hubungan di antara ketiganya.

Ke empat, aspek komunitas. Dalam berbagai tulisan, kita sering disuguhkan bahwa komunitas itu adalah sesuatu yang tunggal. Seolah-olah di dalamnya tidak terdapat dinamika. Padahal dalam kenyataannya, komunitas memiliki dinamika dan struktur tersendiri. Ia terstratifikasi atas berbagai kelas dan golongan, kepentingan. Semuanya saling kait mengkait membentuk dinamika yang khas. Lebih lanjut, semua ini akan mempengaruhi program dan kebijakan sosial perusahaan. Perusahaan dalam berhubungan dengan komunitas terkadang mengalami bias elit. Menurut Moir (2002) perilaku sosial perusahaan sangat dipengaruhi oleh atribut kekuasan (power), urgensitas. Tidak mengherankan bila kemudian perusahaan lebih intens berhubungan dengan kelas elit dibandingkan non-elit. Permasalahannya adalah seandainya pendekatan ini yang digunakan maka bukanlah pembangunan komunitas yang akan diperoleh melainkan pertentangan anggota komunitas. Tanpa mekanisme yang jelas dan mempertimbangkan aspek keadilan di dalam komunitas, maka bantuan justru dapat menjadi bumerang bagi eksistensi perusahaan. Perusahaan kehilangan legitimasi/lisensi sosialnya. Bantuan atau program yang tidak mempertimbangkan aspek lokalitas akan memproduksi konflik baik antar anggota di dalam satu komunitas, komunitas-komunitas, komunitas-perusahaan.

Dalam hal ini, transaksi antara eksternalitas negatif yang ditimbulkan perusahaan dan manfaat yang diperoleh oleh komunitas memainkan peranan penting. Jika eksternalitas negatif tersebut ditanggung oleh komunitas, maka sudah seharusnya manfaat dipetik oleh komunitas dalam porsi yang sama. Kalau ini tidak terjadi maka aspek keadilan sosial akan terlukai. Ini akan merangsang tumbuh suburnya deprivasi sosial. Pada proses selanjutnya, cukup diperlukan pemicu guna terjadinya konflik terbuka – tidak tertutup kemungkinan melibatkaan kekerasan – antara perusahaan dan masyarakat. Jika skala konflik membesar, tidak menutup kemungkinan konflik akan melibatkan pemerintah sehingga konflik akan berlangsung antar sektor : komunitas/masyarakat sipil, perusahaan/privat (pasar), pemerintah (wilayah politik).

Contoh kasus adalah konflik terbuka antara komunitas antara masyarakat yang mendukung dan menolak sebuah usaha pertambangan di Pulau Sumbawa (Guntoro, 2007). Mereka yang mendukung dalam banyak hal mendapat manfaat ekonomis yang lebih banyak dibandingkan mereka yang menolak. Mereka yang mendukung memperoleh keuntungan tersebut dengan menjadi pemasok bagi kebutuhan usaha. Mereka ini didominasi oleh kelas elit desa. Sementara mereka yang menolak tidak memperoleh manfaat langsung ini. Ini bukanlah kecemburuan sosial, tetapi ketidakadilan sosial. Logika yang berjalan adalah jika ekternalitas negatif itu harus ditanggung oleh komunitas maka mengapa manfaat itu hanya untuk individu. Terjadi kesenjangan transaksi di sini. Kesenjangan itu diproduksi oleh struktur sosial politik yang ada.

Epilog

CSR, dalam hal ini tanggungjawab kepada komunitas, memiliki potensi untuk mengankat taraf hidup bangsa. CSR juga dapat menjadi perekat atau penghancur eksistensi komunitas. Hancurnya komunitas ditengarai oleh Peter Drucker dalam tulisannya, Civilizing The City (1998), menyebabkan meningkatnya kerawanan sosial seperti meningkatnya tindakan kriminalitas. Oleh karena itu, ia menyarankan pentingnya membangun kembali komunitas yang telah luluh lantak dihancurkan oleh kapitalisme brutal. Pembangunan komunitas (community development) bukanlah urusan sekedar bagaimana meningkatkan kekayaan ekonomi mereka sehingga dapat membeli lebih banyak mengisi keranjang konsumsi.

Namun, lebih dari itu, ia dalam waktu bersamaan harus mengajarkan kepada anggota komunitas untuk lebih bertanggungjawab, peduli terhadap sesama atau “avoiding social ignorance” seperti diungkapkan Frank dan Smith (1999). Tetapi tentu bukanlah sebuah sikap untuk mengintervensi kebebasan dan menentukan baik buruknya apa yang harus dilakukan seseorang. Sikap seperti ini bukanlah kepedulian melainkan sikap kediktatoran (dictatorship). Inilah tantangan terbesar yang dihadapi oleh CSR.

*Pemerhati kajian bisnis – masyarakat dan kesejahteraan. Alumnus Jurusan Ilmu Sosiatri (social development) Fisipol UGM dan Manajemen FE UII. E-mail : jokoguntoro@gmail.com

48 responses to “CSR Sebagai Community Development?

  1. Saya tertarik dengan tulisan anda mengenai ilmu psikolog.Saya juga mempunyai tulisan yang sejenis mengenai gaya hidup yang bisa anda kunjungi di disini

  2. Your style is so unique compared to other folks I’ve read stuff from.
    Many thanks for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I’ll just book mark this web
    site.

  3. Pingback: michael kors handbags edsy vhpl qmjy 72 - Strona 45 - Moje forum dyskusyjne·

  4. Pingback: michael kors handbags edsy vhpl qmjy 72 - Strona 21 - Moje forum dyskusyjne·

  5. Pingback: Coach black Friday - DivXPortaL | Film indir, Mp3 indir, Divx film indir, Divx filmler, Mp4 film indir, Bluray film indir·

  6. Pingback: nike black friday 2014 - DivXPortaL | Film indir, Mp3 indir, Divx film indir, Divx filmler, Mp4 film indir, Bluray film indir·

  7. Pingback: michael kors bags gvkc vdqr vspr 98 - Strona 68 - Moje forum dyskusyjne·

  8. Pingback: louis vuitton black Friday 2014 - DivXPortaL | Film indir, Mp3 indir, Divx film indir, Divx filmler, Mp4 film indir, Bluray film indir·

  9. I used to be recommended this website through my cousin.
    I’m not positive whether this post is written by way
    of him as nobody else recognise such exact approximately my problem.
    You’re incredible! Thank you!

  10. Hello there! This is kind of off topic but I need some guidance from an established blog.
    Is it very difficult to set up your own blog? I’m not
    very techincal but I can figure things out pretty quick.
    I’m thinking about making my own but I’m not sure where to start.
    Do you have any points or suggestions? Thanks

  11. It is often delivered to your Web pages need to be noticed.
    Customers may not be able to promote and lead generation run their businesses.
    There are several key points in mind. Call in help from a
    reliable and consumer oriented. I went to the culture and industry.
    It’s like the site, it really is such a development project we become your total hits.

  12. Unquestionably believe that which you stated. Your favorite
    justification seemed to be at the web the simplest factor to remember of.
    I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while other folks think
    about concerns that they just don’t realize
    about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and
    also defined out the whole thing with no need side-effects ,
    folks could take a signal. Will probably be back to get more.
    Thanks

  13. If they are highly sought after. And I say we need to lag pipes as
    well as the primary requirements to be longer than many Beaverton residents might think–and the worldwide contractor research community.
    While local yellow pages. The roof is and
    this will obviously produce leaks. We have been decreased, and same day, and will not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

  14. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your blog posts.
    Any way I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

  15. So you can face serious charges like cancellation of
    his clients avoid most of which had a DUI or DWI
    may be finished quite a bit more challenging. You know, you don’t have to be held responsible for.
    Marketing a DUI attorney can handle DUI cases.

  16. If you are planning renovation or installing new gutters
    is an independent contractor you like people a certain number of reasons why provide this is to attract business.
    If they have always believed that Do-No-Evil was a colonel in the air conditioner contractor, you’ll know if replacing
    the company for the future.

  17. Is the e-cigarette a safe smoking alternative. It encourages healthy smoking
    by assisting you quit those tobacco burning cigarettes. The electric cigarette is actually equipped with the so called e liquid which is used to fill the cartridges
    when they are all empty in the nicotine.

  18. conversation, or even he might have joined me at the root cause and understood.
    The four way coordination necessary to experiment with drums,
    unless you’re Def Leppard drummer who three way coordination, is amongst the most challenging parts if you’re starting out, particularly
    with double bass drumming. He is recognized as an extremely successful leader amongst their own people.

  19. 5 Black – Berry client collaboration software offers users many ways to work together on a
    project to accomplish the tasks that separately work
    together to accomplish a common goal. Groupware remedies give good results the way in which your small business functions.
    This part can be further divided among different parts.

  20. I’m not sure where you are getting your information, but great topic.
    I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more.
    Thanks for great info I was looking for this information for my mission.

  21. Your style is really unique compared to other people I have read stuff from.
    Many thanks for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I will just book mark this page.

  22. Greetings from California! I’m bored to tears at work so I decided
    to browse your website on my iphone during lunch break.
    I really like the knowledg you provide here and can’t wait to take a
    look when I get home. I’m surprised at how quick your
    blog loaded on my cell phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G ..
    Anyways, wonderful site!

  23. Hello i’m new here. I discovered this website and I find it genuinely beneficial.
    I hope to provide something back and help others just like you helped me.

  24. I have been surfing online more than 4 hours today, yet I never found
    any interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me.
    In my opinion, if all site owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the web will be a lot more useful than ever before.|
    I could not refrain from commenting. Very well written!|
    I’ll right away grab your rss feed as I can not in finding your e-mail subscription link or e-newsletter
    service. Do you’ve any? Please allow me recognize so that I may just subscribe.

    Thanks.|
    It is appropriate time to make some plans for the future and
    it is time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I
    desire to suggest you some interesting things or suggestions.
    Maybe you can write next articles referring
    to this article. I wish to read more things about it!|
    It’s perfect time to make some plans for the longer term and
    it is time to be happy. I’ve learn this publish and if I may I
    desire to recommend you few fascinating things or suggestions.

    Maybe you can write subsequent articles relating to this article.
    I want to learn more issues approximately it!|
    I’ve been surfing on-line greater than three hours nowadays, but I
    never found any interesting article like yours. It’s pretty worth enough for me.
    In my opinion, if all webmasters and bloggers made just right content as you
    probably did, the internet can be much more helpful than
    ever before.|
    Ahaa, its fastidious dialogue concerning this paragraph at this place at
    this web site, I have read all that, so at this time me also commenting at this place.|
    I am sure this piece of writing has touched all the internet visitors, its really really fastidious piece
    of writing on building up new website.|
    Wow, this post is good, my younger sister is analyzing these things, therefore I am going to let know her.|
    Saved as a favorite, I really like your blog!|
    Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you penning this post plus the rest of the site
    is extremely good.|
    Hi, I do believe this is a great web site. I stumbledupon it ;) I will return once again since I book-marked it.
    Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide other people.|
    Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this site.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s tough
    to get that “perfect balance” between usability and appearance.
    I must say that you’ve done a superb job with this.
    Additionally, the blog loads super quick for me on Safari.
    Superb Blog!|
    These are in fact enormous ideas in on the topic of blogging.
    You have touched some nice factors here. Any way keep up wrinting.|
    I love what you guys tend to be up too. This sort of clever work and coverage!
    Keep up the great works guys I’ve you guys to our blogroll.|
    Hi! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with us so I came to check it out.
    I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers!
    Outstanding blog and fantastic design and style.|
    I love what you guys tend to be up too. Such clever work and reporting!

    Keep up the wonderful works guys I’ve added you guys
    to our blogroll.|
    Hey there would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re
    working with? I’m going to start my own blog soon but I’m having a
    difficult time making a decision between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and
    Drupal. The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most
    blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique.
    P.S Apologies for getting off-topic but I had to ask!|
    Hi there would you mind letting me know which web host you’re using?
    I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different browsers and I must say this blog loads a
    lot quicker then most. Can you recommend a good hosting provider at a fair price?
    Kudos, I appreciate it!|
    I like it when individuals get together and share views.
    Great site, stick with it!|
    Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it.
    Look advanced to more added agreeable from you! By the way, how can we communicate?|
    Hi there just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The words
    in your content seem to be running off the screen in Internet explorer.
    I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to do with web browser compatibility
    but I thought I’d post to let you know. The design look
    great though! Hope you get the issue solved
    soon. Many thanks|
    This is a topic that is close to my heart… Cheers!
    Where are your contact details though?|
    It’s very trouble-free to find out any topic on net as compared to books, as I found this piece of writing at this website.|
    Does your blog have a contact page? I’m having a tough time locating it but, I’d like to shoot you an
    email. I’ve got some suggestions for your blog you might be interested in hearing.
    Either way, great site and I look forward to seeing it grow over time.|
    Hey there! I’ve been following your site for a while now and finally
    got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from
    Atascocita Tx! Just wanted to mention keep up the fantastic job!|
    Greetings from Florida! I’m bored to death at work so I decided to check out your website
    on my iphone during lunch break. I enjoy the knowledge you provide here and can’t wait to
    take a look when I get home. I’m shocked at how fast
    your blog loaded on my cell phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G ..
    Anyhow, good blog!|
    Its such as you learn my thoughts! You appear to grasp so
    much approximately this, like you wrote the e book
    in it or something. I believe that you just could do with a few % to force the message home a
    little bit, however other than that, this is great blog.
    A fantastic read. I’ll definitely be back.|
    I visited various web sites except the audio feature for
    audio songs present at this site is truly fabulous.|
    Hi, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just wondering if you
    get a lot of spam remarks? If so how do you protect against
    it, any plugin or anything you can recommend? I get so much lately it’s driving me mad so any
    help is very much appreciated.|
    Greetings! Very useful advice within this article! It is the little changes that produce the most significant changes.
    Many thanks for sharing!|
    I absolutely love your blog.. Pleasant colors & theme. Did you build
    this site yourself? Please reply back as I’m wanting to create my own personal site and
    would like to know where you got this from or what the theme is
    named. Cheers!|
    Howdy! This blog post could not be written much better!
    Looking through this post reminds me of my previous roommate!

    He constantly kept talking about this. I am going to forward this information to him.
    Fairly certain he’s going to have a very good read. Thank you for
    sharing!|
    Incredible! This blog looks exactly like my old one!
    It’s on a entirely different topic but it has pretty
    much the same page layout and design. Excellent choice of colors!|
    There is certainly a lot to know about this subject. I love all of the points you made.|
    You’ve made some good points there. I checked on the web for additional information about the issue and found most individuals
    will go along with your views on this website.|
    Hi, I log on to your new stuff daily. Your writing style is awesome, keep up the good work!|
    I simply could not leave your site before suggesting that I extremely loved the standard info a person supply in your visitors?
    Is going to be back frequently in order to investigate cross-check
    new posts|
    I need to to thank you for this very good read!!

    I absolutely loved every little bit of it. I have you saved as a favorite to check out new stuff
    you post…|
    Hi there, just wanted to mention, I loved this article.
    It was inspiring. Keep on posting!|
    I write a leave a response when I like a article on a website or
    if I have something to valuable to contribute to the conversation.

    It’s a result of the fire communicated in the article I read.

    And on this post CSR Sebagai Community Development?
    | Satucita Foundation – freshwater turtles conservation, tortoises conservation,
    terrapins conservation. I was excited enough to drop a commenta response ;) I
    do have a couple of questions for you if it’s okay.
    Could it be simply me or do some of the comments come across like written by brain dead individuals?

    :-P And, if you are writing on additional sites, I would like to keep up with you.
    Could you make a list all of all your social sites like your linkedin profile, Facebook page
    or twitter feed?|
    Hello, I enjoy reading all of your article. I wanted to write a little comment to support you.|
    I every time spent my half an hour to read this blog’s
    content everyday along with a mug of coffee.|
    I always emailed this web site post page to all my contacts, as if like to read it next
    my friends will too.|
    My developer is trying to persuade me to move to .net from
    PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses.
    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using WordPress on numerous websites for about a year and am anxious
    about switching to another platform. I have heard excellent things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress posts
    into it? Any kind of help would be really appreciated!|
    Good day! I could have sworn I’ve been to this
    web site before but after browsing through some of the articles I
    realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m certainly delighted
    I found it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back frequently!|
    Terrific article! That is the type of info that are supposed to be shared
    across the net. Shame on the search engines for no longer positioning this put up upper!

    Come on over and talk over with my site . Thank you =)|
    Heya i am for the first time here. I came across
    this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out a lot.
    I hope to give something back and aid others like you
    helped me.|
    Howdy, There’s no doubt that your blog could be having web browser compatibility
    problems. When I look at your site in Safari, it looks fine however, if opening
    in IE, it has some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to give you a quick heads up!
    Aside from that, fantastic site!|
    Someone essentially help to make critically posts I’d state.
    That is the first time I frequented your website page and thus far?
    I amazed with the analysis you made to create this particular put up incredible.
    Magnificent job!|
    Heya i’m for the primary time here. I found this board and
    I to find It truly useful & it helped me out much. I hope to provide one thing back and help
    others such as you aided me.|
    Hi! I simply want to give you a big thumbs up for your excellent information you’ve got right here on this post.
    I am coming back to your blog for more soon.|
    I all the time used to study paragraph in news papers
    but now as I am a user of web therefore from now I am using net for articles or reviews, thanks to web.|
    Your way of explaining all in this post is truly fastidious, all be capable of without difficulty be aware of it,
    Thanks a lot.|
    Hello there, I found your site via Google even
    as searching for a similar subject, your website got here up, it appears to
    be like great. I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

    Hi there, just changed into aware of your weblog thru Google,
    and located that it is really informative. I’m gonna watch out for
    brussels. I will appreciate should you continue this in future.

    Many other people shall be benefited out of your writing.
    Cheers!|
    I am curious to find out what blog system you’re
    working with? I’m having some minor security issues with my latest blog and I’d like
    to find something more safe. Do you have any suggestions?|
    I’m really impressed with your writing skills as well
    as with the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself?
    Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to see
    a great blog like this one these days.|
    I’m really impressed with your writing talents and also with the layout
    for your blog. Is this a paid topic or did you customize it yourself?

    Either way stay up the excellent high quality writing, it’s uncommon to peer a great blog
    like this one these days..|
    Hi, Neat post. There is a problem together with your website
    in internet explorer, might check this? IE still is the marketplace chief and a big component of other folks will miss your
    great writing because of this problem.|
    I’m not sure where you’re getting your info, but great topic.
    I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more.
    Thanks for excellent info I was looking for this info for my mission.|
    Hello, i think that i saw you visited my web site thus i
    came to “return the favor”.I am trying to find things to improve my site!I suppose
    its ok to use {some of|a few\

  25. One focus is problems in the schools; see “56: Top 10 Worst Ideas in Education. We have a good team so once you send and place the order we deliver the product immediately, we are offering in very very less price, its very challenging price compare to others,. Blackberry 10 was said to build in various filter effects inside the camera app to give users a similar experience to Instagram. Create location page: Buy instagram followers by creating Google places and by having a physical location attached to your online presence. Viper sends the datathe informationthe infoyour data via the internetonlineover the internet, and maximizes compression to completeto accomplishto finishto perform your backups quicker without compromising your interten bandwidth.

  26. My partner and I absolutely love your blog and find the majority of your post’s to be just
    what I’m looking for. can you offer guest writers
    to write content for you? I wouldn’t mind writing a post or elaborating on a number of the
    subjects you write about here. Again, awesome web log!

    • Salam kenal,

      Saya mendukung pendapat Mbak Lia bahwa Comdev dan atau community empowerment harus benar-benar diimplementasikan oleh perusahaan. Tidak sekadar lips service, branding untuk menanggapi pasar yang semakin “sosial”.

      Mbak Lia dapat mengambi artikel ini. Mungkin, dikarenakan ini diskusi yang agak panjang, saya akan langsung menguhubungi mbak Lia untuk berdiskusi tentang ini.

      Salam,

      Joko Guntoro
      SatuCita Institute

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s